“I play, you play, he play, she play…………”
Ideas, questions, suggestions, doubts? If you have anything to ask or say related to teaching, then this is the place to do it!
Repetition in language teaching
Repetition can be a good thing! Here’s a video of Scott Thornbury talking about repetition in language teaching…
Task based learning (TBL)
The traditional way that teachers have used tasks is as a follow-up to a series of structure/function or vocabulary based lessons. Tasks have been ‘extension’ activities as part of a graded and structured course.
In task-based learning, the tasks are central to the learning activity. Originally developed by N Prabhu in Bangladore, southern India, it is based on the belief that students may learn more effectively when their minds are focused on the task, rather than on the language they are using.
In the model of task-based learning described by Jane Willis, the traditional PPP (presentation, practice, production) lesson is reversed. The students start with the task. When they have completed it, the teacher draws attention to the language used, making corrections and adjustments to the students’ performance.
Here’s a video (made by a Brazilian, I think) introducing TBL…
Some Tips on Getting Shy Students to Speak
1) Give SS time to prepare or rehearse what they want to say and how they are going to say it
2) Do a lot of ´closed´ pair work where SS communicate in ´private´.
3) Seat the SS in a ´horseshoe´ arrangement or in a circle
4) In open class, get the SS to address each other and not the teacher
5) Give SS a reason to speak and listen to each other
6) Put on background music
7) Be friendly and non-judgmental
8) Use scripted dialogues
9) Bribe the SS with sweets
10) Find out what motivates your learners, what they are interested in, etc, and then design activities and tasks that suit your students´ profiles
11) Ask them lots of questions and give them time to respond
12) Use delayed correction rather then on the spot correction
13) Play shouting games
14) Talk to the student
15) Talk to their parents
16) Create a non-threatening atmosphere in which mistakes are tolerated
17) Give the SS the language THEY need to express themselves, NOT what the coursebook dictates
18) Teach a lot of vocabulary and provide the SS with ways to record vocabulary